# Welcome to Incorporating Probability & Statistics into Mathematical Curriculum

For Math Teachers

By: Toni Fiore

Course Overview:

Throughout this mini-course, you will explore an introduction to probability and statistics and discover how you can implement these areas of mathematics into your curriculum. Probability and statistics are two areas of mathematics that are often skipped or overlooked due to time constraints. This mini-course will help you tie them into your already packed schedule effortlessly.

Course-Level Objectives: After completing this mini-course, learners will be able to:

• Understand the benefits of introducing probability and statistics into mathematical curriculum.
• Understand how to introduce probability and statistics into mathematic curriculum.
• Apply learning and modify an already existing lesson to include probability and/or statistics.
• Create a lesson plan that successfully ties probability and/or statistics to an existing standard in a mathematical content area of choice.
• Reflect on learning experiences throughout the course.

Needs Assessment:

My goal of my needs assessment was to determine the level of exposure that high school graduates have to probability and statistics.  Based on my experience as a high school graduate and what I observe at the school I work at, I imagine that probability and statistics are topics that are of less importance to most mathematics teachers.

My purpose of this assessment was to investigate what types of courses are offered at various neighboring school districts that specifically target probability and statistics. In addition, I wish to determine if students who follow the typical pathway of Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II, and Precalculus are exposed to probability and statistics at all.

My target population for this needs assessment was high school mathematics teachers in New York state. This is the population that would most likely benefit from my mini course, so I wanted their initial feedback.

Based on the results, it is clear that not many students have the opportunity to take a course on Probability and/or Statistics and not many teachers specifically try to implement those ideas into their curriculum.

At the end of this unit, learners will be able to:

• Understand the basics of probability and statistics.
• Identify applications of probability and statistics past high school graduation.
• Identify career opportunities in probability and statistics.
• Recognize and reflect on the need for student learning in probability and statistics

At the end of this unit, learners will be able to:

• Identify probability and/or statistics in Pre-Algebra I and Algebra I topics.
• Identify the connection between the application and a Common Core Standard.
• Explain how the implementation enhances student understanding of the Standard.
• Modify a lesson to implement probability and/or statistics.

At the end of this unit, learners will be able to:

• Identify probability and/or statistics in Geometry and Algebra II topics.
• Identify the connection between the application and a Common Core Standard.
• Explain how the implementation enhances student understanding of the Standard.
• Modify a lesson to implement probability and/or statistics.

At the end of this unit, learners will be able to:

• Design a lesson from scratch that ties probability and/or statistics to a mathematical topic in Pre-Algebra I, Algebra I, Geometry, or Algebra II.
• Analyze a classmate’s lesson plan and provide them with feedback.
• Reflect on the major takeaways from the course.