Strategies to teach children vocabulary

Introduction

Vocabulary plays an important part in learning a language. Children’s development of speaking, listening, reading and writing are based on their development of vocabulary. Especially it is correlated to reading in learning and developing a language. One of the most enduring findings in reading research is the extent to which students’ vocabulary knowledge relates to their reading comprehension.


Kid vocab.jpg

Robust Vocabulary Instruction

  1. Multiple exposures
  2. Definitional information and contextual information
  3. Sufficient amount of instructional time to insure understanding of words
  4. Active engagement in instruction


What teachers should do, and what teachers should avoid

Ideal Least effective
Teacher infuses specific word explanations as they occur during the story. Teacher does not draw attention to words during the shared reading.
Teacher introduces specific vocabulary using picture cards or props and poses questions about the word and encourages children to comment on the word. Teacher does not draw attention to any specific words on cards or props
Teacher asks children to repeat the specific words after the teacher has said them to establish a phonological representation Teacher does not ask children to repeat the word after hearing the word.
Teacher explains all specific word meaning in child-friendly terms. Teacher provides no definitions of specific words.
Teacher explains meaning of specific words as they were used in or related to the story. Teacher does not explain meaning of specific words as they were used in the story.
Teacher provides examples of each of the specific words outside of the story context. Teacher provides examples of each of the specific words outside of the story context.
Teacher encourages students to construct their own examples or make judgments about the specific words. Teacher does not encourage children to construct examples or make judgments about the words.


Vocabulary teaching strategy unit1 : Reading books aloud

Vocabulary teaching strategy Unit 2 : RETELLING AND DRAMA UNIT

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