Phonics Intervention Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities


ETAP 623 Spring 2016 Gina's Porfolio Page


Reading is a lifelong skill that is an essential part of our society. Many children find this task of reading very challenging and some may never reach reading proficiency in school (Jenkins and O’Connor p.1) It is important as a teacher to be able to identify these reading difficulties and develop a plan to help your students. Early intervention in kindergarten, first and second grade is ideal but all elementary and special education teachers must know how to help students become better readers. This course will help you understand the components of phonics, special education students and utilize strategies in the classroom.

Course Overview:

Purposes of the mini-course:

  • To provide an overview of phonics and the structure of spoken words
  • To know the common struggles in reading for children with learning disabilities
  • To provide instructional phonics strategies and interventions

How the course works:

You will be learning about phonics instruction and how to plan an effective lesson. You will be keeping an electronic learning log to write down what you have learned from the units and apply it to the case study. Each unit will feature the same case study and you will analyze a different component in each unit. There will be videos to you will be watching and you will also write reflections which will also serve as a discussion board to interact with your peers. Please be sure to ask your peers questions and comment on their thinking on these discussion boards. I will be providing you with feedback on your learning log. Check my comments for each unit. I will be assessing your lesson plan based on how you've applied your learning through your plan.

Needs Assessment

Teachers can usually recognize when a child is struggling in reading but often can not explain exactly why and don't know what to do next to help the child. To complete this mini course should have a positive outlook that all children have the potential to be successful. You must be motivated to help your students and work hard for their success.

Performance Objectives

  • Participants will plan and implement strategies to help learners become better readers using phonics
  • Participants will understand the needs of students with a learning disability
  • Participants will distinguish and utilize phonics learning strategies to help students with learning disabilities
  • Participants will identify the components of phonics instruction

Course Units

This mini-course includes the following units. Click the title of a unit to go to its page.

Unit 1: What is phonics instruction?

Participants will be able to:

  • define phonics instruction
  • identify the structure of written words
  • describe the developmental phases in reading words
  • dentify the common spelling patterns

Unit 2: Why do children with learning disabilities struggle with phonics instruction?

Participants will be able to:

  • Determine why children struggle with phonics/literacy
  • Identify the misconceptions about learning disabled children.
  • Define a learning disability
  • Identify signs of a learning disability

Unit 3: What are effective phonics strategies to implement?

Participants will be able to:

  • Give examples of helpful phonics strategies for students with disabilities
  • Determine the benefits of the strategies
How children look and feel when frustrated with learning.


"Breakthroughs in Learning Blog | Reading Disability." Breakthroughs in Learning Blog | Reading Disability. Web. 30 Apr. 2016.

"Umatilla High School." Learning Disabilities. Web. 30 Apr. 2016.

Jenkins,Joe;O'Conor,Randi. Early Identification and Intervention for Young Children August 2001 ERIC database