Unit 2: Discovering


Learner Outcomes:

  • Learners will be able to compare and contrast student-centered instruction such as inquiry-based learning to traditional teacher-centered instruction (Intellectual skill).
  • Learners will be able to create meaningful lessons through the use of interaction and tangible learning opportunities (Motor skill).

Learner Objectives:

  • Given their previous research results, students will be able to distinguish between various types of instruction.
  • Also given their research results, students will critically analysize the pros and cons of each, and furthermore, begin to understand how each has a place in education.


How is inquiry-based learning different?


Think about the most meaningful lessons you remember from any point of your career as a student. What made them meaningful, and also that memorable? Most likely, the lessons consisted of fun activities, targeted your interests, were hands-on, or especially different from your typical learning experience or environment. This is the aim of inquiry-based learning.

There are several different types of learning. In essence, there are two types that most learning situations fall into: student-centered instruction and teacher-centered instruction. Teacher-centered instruction is just that; instruction which is dependent on the teacher as a facilitator and leader. This usually takes the form of lectures and the teacher leading students through step by step learning. On the other hand, student-centered instruction is also just as you would assume. The opposite of teacher-centered, student-centered instruction places the student to be "in charge" of their own learning. This means that they learn through discovering and "doing", which usually requires tangible learning resources and many opportunities for questioning and exploring. This, is inquiry-based learning.

Task: Your job is this. Create a Venn Diagram in which one circle is dedicated to teacher-centered instruction and the other is for student-centered instruction. Fill in each side with elements of what makes up that particular type of instruction. You may also use examples of learning situations. Create at least five bullets for each side.

Then, create a mental critical analyisis of the center section of the diagram. Were there any aspects that fit into both teacher-centered and student-centered instruction? Why do you think this is important? How would you fit both types of instruction into everyday teaching?

Unit 1: Inquiry

Unit 3: Implementing

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