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Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition


Introduction

Students do not always realize the importance of effort. Instructors can aid in student growth by exposing them to the relationship between effort and achievement. By reinforcing this connection, students will come to realize that effort can be followed by great success. Recognition can be an effective tool in bolstering student effort. The purpose of this course is to educate on Marzano's third instructional strategy for effective teaching and learning: Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition.


Learning Outcomes

By the end of this course, learners will have developed strategies to encourage student achievement and perseverance through reinforcing effort and providing recognition. Educators will learn about the importance of this high-yield instructional strategy through educational readings, informative videos, interactive self-assessments, and group discussion techniques.


Performance Objectives

Throughout a systematic approach to learning about Marzano's Third Instructional Strategy: Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition, students will be able to complete the following performance objectives.

  • Educators will be able to understand the importance of student effort. (Comprehensive/Interpret)
  • Educators will learn strategies for providing effective recognition. (Comprehensive)
  • Educators will be able to apply approaches to encourage student perseverance. (Application)
  • Educators will provide students with strategies to track effort and analyze progress. (Synthesis/Application)
  • Educators will be able to use strategies to provide appropriate recognition. (Application)
  • Educators will share procedures utilized and their results of reinforcing effort and providing recognition within their classrooms. (Demonstrate/Empathize)
  • Educators will self-assess knowledge of Marzano's Third Instructional Strategy. (Self-Knowledge)


Needs Assessment

1. Instructional Problem The opportunity for a professional development program for educators to increase student achievement by developing strategies to reinforce effort. With educational goals increasing in complexity, students are required to persevere through more challenging classwork, which can lead to decreased motivation and engagement. By utilizing Marzano's third instructional strategy for effective teaching and learning: Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition, educators have the ability to change students' attitudes towards learning and effort.

2. What is to be Learned Educators will learn strategies for promoting student effort and achievement. They will be able to hone in on skills used for praise and reinforcement.

3. The Learners The target audience for this mini-course will be upper elementary teachers, specifically grades 3rd-6th.

4. Context for Instruction This mini-course will be taught online; learners will need internet access to participate. Learners involved in this course will gain knowledge through a series of articles, videos, and hands-on activities.

5. Exploring the Instructional Problem and Solution Educators participating in this course will delve into learning strategies for reinforcement through praise and rewards, as well as increase student effort by teaching learners how to track their progress and effort in order to promote student achievement and growth.

6. Goals of this Mini-Course The goal of this mini-course is to provide educators with the knowledge and skills to be able to increase student engagement and achievement. Educators will be able to apply methods to encourage student perseverance, provide students with strategies to track effort and analyze their progress, and understand and utilize strategies for authentic praise and personalized rewards.


Task Analysis

In this mini-course, developing meaningful techniques to reinforce effort and provide recognition will help educators become more successful in engaging learners and increasing achievement.


Lesson 1:

Why is effort important?

Your task is to learn about how student effort affects student achievement.

Lesson 2:

How can recognition increase student growth?

Your task is to learn strategies for providing appropriate student recognition.

Lesson 3:

How does implementing student effort and providing recognition affect student learning?

Your task is to track achievement when implementing Marzano's Third Instructional Strategy: Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition.

Lesson 4:

What were the results of implementing effort and recognition techniques into your instruction?

Your task is to discuss your understanding of the instructional strategies for reinforcing effort and providing recognition, as well as reflect on your reinforcement techniques, student engagement, and student achievement.

Post-Evaluation:

Your task is to complete a post-test that shows your understanding of this mini-course.

Curriculum Map

Marzano CMAP 2.jpg



References

Marzano, R. Pickering, D. Pollack, J. (2001) Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Marzano, R. (2003) What Works in Schools: Translating Research into Action. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Marzano, R. (2007) The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.


Links

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Return to * ETAP 623 Spring 2014: Systematic Design of Instruction