CLCS Unit Lesson 1

From KNILT

CLCS Unit Lesson 1

Vocabulary


UNIT OBJECTIVE: Participants will be able to use these terms in writing & speaking discussions within the proper context

“Learning the language” for any new discipline is essential to develop proper understanding (Sun, et al., in press). This first subunit lesson focuses upon bite-size concepts whose previously acquired comprehension will make the collaboration techniques run more smoothly. Each example group includes its own subset of specialized vocabulary separately. After reviewing this list, you may practice using the new words in the Hot Potatoes Crosswords provided (links at end). Throughout this case study, words in italics indicate a definition is available on this page, or in the glossary.



Vocabulary

Collaboration: using group information exchange to facilitate learning

Dynamic assessment: a means of assessing the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) originally proposed by Vygotsky to determine student’s thought processes and placement in the continuum of their development through a four step process (CDE, 2002)

Facilitation: when a teacher’s role is changed from that of lecturer, or primary information presenter, to that of encouraging learning through shared information seeking, research, and exchange

Inquiry: a questioning method that encourages unique & novel approaches to learning; motivates higher thinking processes through comprehension rather than rote memorization

Instruction: a structured means to assist learners in learning. Definition may vary, according to one’s beliefs (Shambaugh & Magliaro, 1997, p. 291)

Problem Based Learning (PBL): “brings together intellectual inquiry, rigorous real-world standards and student engagement in relevant, meaningful work” via TVHS brochure HC p. 4

Self-assessment (metacognition): Learners reflect upon their own learning, to see where they’ve been intellectually, what they’ve learned, and what they may still need to learn in the future

Wiki: “a collection of web pages designed to enable anyone with access to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language. Wikis are often used to create collaborative websites and to power community websites. The collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia is one of the best-known wikis. Wiki is a Hawaiian word for fast.” Otherwise known as a content management system

Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD): under constructivist philosophy, students will learn from their social interactions. The ZPD indicates the area where students have the potential to expand their learning through scaffolding in a way that exceeds their natural ability to learn on their own

Food Allergy Specifics

Allergy: exaggerated immune response to what for other people evoke no response

Allergic response: histamine production & inflammation

Anaphylaxis: an immune response that closes off airways through bronchiospasm; similar to asthma but more immediately life threatening

Antigen: a molecular aspect on the surface of (usually) a protein that precipitates immune response

Desensitization: a procedure by which the antigenic compound is gradually re-introduced to the body in larger & larger doses in order to build up the body’s tolerance for the offending substance

Sensitization: initial exposure that may generate an allergy (sometimes)

Sensitivity: a mild response to an offending food that produces a diasagreeable reaction without involving full immune effects

Shellfish

Cross contamination: when food is contaminated with other foods, whether by sharing preparation surfaces, utensils, or unintentional mixing

FALCPA: FDA Food Allergy Labeling and Consumer Protection Act; designed to inform consumers through labeling in plain language the presence of crustacean shellfish (not necessarily mollusks), soy, milk, eggs, fish, peanuts, tree nuts, or wheat under ingredients; passed most recent revision in 2006

Tropomyosin: a protein that protects actin from binding to myosin, the muscle proteins that make muscle move. This protein is highly conserved across species, which accounts for its widespread distribution.

Nuts

Arterioles: smaller passages of the lungs, which lead from bronchioles to the alveoli (air sacs where blood de/oxygenation occurs)

Bronchioles: larger passages of the lungs

Bronchospasm: constriction of the airways

Histamine: a neurotransmitter and biogenic amine that moderates immune response

IgE: an immune-mediated factor that, upon binding with mast cells, releases inflammation factors called cytokines (eg., interleukins) which trigger the commonly recognized symptoms of an allergic reaction

Interleukins: inflammatory inducing immune factors

Vasodilation: expansion of the veins & arteries, resulting in lowered blood pressure

Nightshades

Alkaloids: plant molecules, tending to be physiologically active, with nitrogen-containing bases, i.e., nicotine, morphine, atropine

Allergy: an immune-mediated response to foreign antigens

Antigens: any substance that when introduced into the body stimulates antibody production

Sensitivity: an averse response to a food, potentially through chronic, long- term exposure

Solanacea: order of plants containing over 2800 species commonly known as nightshades, i.e., potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant & peppers



Links

CLCS Lesson Units Introduction

CLCS Unit Lesson 1 Vocabulary

CLCS Unit Lesson 2 Space for Discussion Task

CLCS Unit Lesson 3 Resource sharing

CLCS Unit Lesson 4 Metacognitive strategies

CLCS Unit Lesson 5 Assessment Tools

CLCS Glossary


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ETAP 623 Spring 2009 Learning Commmunity