Unit One: What's Character Education?
Learners will be able to identify the meaning of Character Education.
By the end of this unit, the participant will be able to
- Identify the theory of Piaget's and Kohlberg's theories of moral development
- Interpret the phase of moral development
- Compare the components of moral education
- Inspect the purposes and benefits of Character Education
Let's Get Started
Morality refers to a doctrine or system of beliefs, values, or principles that govern human. Morality conduct human’s behavior in two ways: it prescribes our positive behaviors that benefit others. And, it inhibits negative actions that harm others.
The positive behaviors, often called “prosocial” behaviors, include sharing, helping, and comforting. In terms of moral judgment, these actions are viewed as good and should to be carried out. On the contrary, the negative type of actions, “antisocial behaviors” often referred to as inhibitory or negative morality, include violations of others' rights and welfare, such as hitting, harming. These actions are viewed as bad and should not to do.
Do Some Research
Now, read the article about the main theories of moral development.
- http://www.education.com/reference/article/moral-development1/#E "Moral Development" (2003) By Jason Stephens. This article introduces the main theories of Moral development. Systematic research and scholarship on moral development has been going on for most of this century, and educators wishing to attend to issues of moral development and education may make use of what has been learned through that work. The overview provides an introduction to the main perspectives guiding current work on moral development and education.
Please try to respond to these questions:
- 1. What are the phases of moral development?
- 2. What are the components of moral development?
Then, watch the video about the content of Character Education
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xA9adveSt1o&feature=related/#E "Character Education Overview" This video was produced by University of San Diego Character Development Center. It demonstrates what Character Education is; why Character Education is important; and how to carry on Character Education.
Please respond to the question below.
- 3. What are the benefits of Character Education?
Again, your response may be in the form of a paragraph, bulleted list, graphic organizer, or any other thoughtful representation.
How would you define morality? How do you think about Kohlberg's moral development? Then, think about what's moral education in your perspective.
Please reflect these questions above in discussion area.
References and Resources
Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Harvard University Press: Cambridge.
Kohlberg, L. & Turiel, E. (1971). Moral development and moral education. In G. Lesser, ed. Psychology and educational practice. Scott Foresman.
Piaget, J. (1965). The moral judgment of the child. The Free Press: New York. Power, F. C., Higgins, A., & Kohlberg, L. (1989). "Lawrence Kohlberg's Approach to Moral Education." New York: Columbia University Press.
Smetana, J. G. (1996, in press). "Parenting and the development of social knowledge reconceptualized: A social domain analysis." To appear in J.E. Grusec & L. Kuczynski (Eds.), Handbook of parenting and the transmission of values. New York: Wiley.
Turiel, E. (1983). "The Development of Social Knowledge: Morality & Convention." New York: Cambridge University Press.
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