Unit 3 - Expository Strategy
- Participants will demonstrate the construction of an Anticipation Guide reading strategy for expository texts by creating one using Microsoft Word
- Participants will generate expected questions by reviewing the book and typing the questions into the Anticipation Guide
HOW TO IMPLEMENT AN ANTICIPATION GUIDE:
Similar to the Directed Reading-Thinking Activity, anticipation guides encourage students to use their prior knowledge to hypothesize whether factual statements are true or false. It sets up the reading in a game-like fashion that motivates and excites students to read in order to find out the answers to the pre-reading questions. In addition, this strategy pinpoints the major details so the reader can easily find them. An anticipation guide is an excellent strategy to use for expository text because it allows students to react to statements from the text that are predetermined by the teacher. Based on content from the text, the teacher creates statements that are either true or false. Before reading the expository text, students must make predictions by recording whether they agree or disagree with the statements created by the teacher. As the students read the book, they must find the answers to the statements and write reasons why their predictions are either correct or incorrect by using supportive information from the text. This strategy allows students to focus on and find the important details that need to be learned during the reading (Richardson, Morgan, Fleener, 2006, pp. 180-187). Click here to view an anticiation guide that was created for a fourth grade class that was reading the expository book, Gentle Giant Octopus. Media:Octopus Anticipation Guide.pdf
NOW IT IS TIME FOR YOU AND YOUR PARTNER TO WORK ON CREATING YOUR OWN ANTICIPATION GUIDE.
Follow these steps in order. Do not skip around.
- 1. Click on the anticipation guide and check off/write down whether you agree or disagree with the statements on page one. Media:Locust Anticipation Guide.pdf
- 2. Click the link for the book entitled, History of Insects. Insect Book
- 3. Go to the chapter, "Locust," on pp. 9-10 and read these two pages.
- 4. While reading the two pages, determine whether or not your predictions were correct and support your choices with details from the chapter.
- 5. When you are finished, click this link to see if your answers are similar to these. Media:Locust Key.pdf
- Discuss, with your partner, how the anticipation guide could help readers in your classrooms. Also, discuss if this would be easy to implement in any elementary classroom. Post your comments of approximately 200 words in the discussion area.
- You and your partner will also create an anticipation guide for any chapter in the book, History of Insects. Insect Book
- Post your anticipation guide to the discussion area.
- Complete the anticipation guides of two others and post the results in the discussion area.
To go on to the next unit click here: Unit 4 - Vocabulary Strategies
Click here to return to the beginning of the course: Promoting Reading Comprehension in the Early Grades