Reciprocal Teaching in Mathematics


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Welcome to my mini course on Reciprocal Teaching in Mathematics.

Below is an overview on the course including the Purpose, a summary on the needs analysis for this course, the main Performance objectives, and a layout of each individual unit. 

After reading over the summary of this course, if you are ready to begin learning click here


Purpose Of this Course

Purpose: The purpose of this course is to explore the idea of reciprocal teaching in mathematics, and the benefits it can have on your students to deepen their thinking process, begin to use protocols without assistance and facilitation, and to learn to speak to their work and the strategies they have chosen. Through this implementation, students will also begin to build their strategy 'tool box,' (as we will discuss in this mini-course) critically reflect on their work, ask themselves questions, and how to monitor their own progress.

This course will teach you to foster the use of 21st Century Skills in your classroom such as collaboration, critical thinking, and problem solving. Through the use of reciprocal teaching students will learn the benefit of meaningful discussion with their peers, strengthen their problem solving skills, and to critically analyze their own work. Furthermore, the implementation of reciprocal teaching will allow for a more student centered classroom.. isn't that every teachers goal?!

Summary of Needs Analysis

Summarization of Survey and concluded intent of this course: While Reciprocal Teaching has been widely explored in Reading and Writing Curriculums there is much less information and resources about Reciprocal Teaching within mathematics and the benefit it can have on students. While working in a focus school, I have helped to develop a strong math supplemental math curriculum to what we are already using (Eureka) to foster students learning through collaboration with their classmates, problem solving, and true analysis of math problems. To better build my course I surveyed 35 Pre-K through Grade 12 teachers. The 35 teachers were asked a total of eight questions, the first 3 being a bit on their background in teaching, and the remainder on reciprocal teaching or other aspects of it. Concluding the survey it became apparent to me that there is a strong understanding of reciprocal teaching but very limited understanding of how to utilize it in mathematics and to make a classroom climate more student centered. The intent of this course after my needs analysis is to help teachers create an understanding of what Reciprocal Teaching is, the benefits it can have in their classrooms, and to help create activities that can reach all students, as well as the ways in which it can be rolled out to help address misconceptions of how difficult it can be when transitioning to a student centered classroom.

Performance Objectives

This course is intended to educate on the importance of incorporating 21st Century skills into the classroom to create responsible and problem-solving learners, and Reciprocal Teaching in Mathematics is just the way to do so. After completing this course, learners will develop a complete full circle understanding they can take with them an incorporate in all subjects when adapted, but more specifically mathematics. Concluding this course, learners will:

  • Define Reciprocal Teaching and why it can be used as a very student centered approach.
  • Explain the importance of releasing the responsibility of learning onto the students.
  • Create and develop lessons and activities to help roll out reciprocal teaching in their classroom.
  • Define the major 21st Century skills being touched on with reciprocal teaching, and why each is important to instill in our students.
  • Have a plethora of resources to begin carrying reciprocal teaching into their classroom.

Course Units

Prerequisites: An identified prerequisite skill needed for this mini-course is that the learning must have a good understanding of what a student centered classroom should look like.

Click any of the following unit links to visit that Units Section.

Unit 1: What is Reciprocal Teaching.

1) Explore the importance of a student centered classroom

2) Benefits of meaningful discussion

Unit 2: Key 21st Century Skills and their importance in the classroom.

1) Critical Thinking

2) Collaboration

3) Communication

4) Creativity

Unit 3: Tying it All Together.

1) How Reciprocal Teaching is a great way to incorporate these 21st Century Skills

2) Gradually Releasing the Responsibility

Unit 4: Using Reciprocal Teaching in the Classroom.

1) Roles

2) Materials

3) Resources

4) Rolling it out

Curriculum Map

Reciprocal teaching curriculum map

References and Resources

Applied Educational Systems, Inc. (n.d.). What Are the 4 C's of 21st Century Skills? Retrieved from

Hunt, B. (2017, March 4). Using Reciprocal Teaching in Mathematics. Retrieved April 2020, from

Lewis, B. (2019, October 16). Why Are Children Sorted Into Homogenous Groups in Education? Retrieved April 2020, from

Parent, L.. (2015, April 1). Reciprocal Teaching Math Lara Parent [Video]. Youtube.

Ross, D. (2018, August 15). Empowering Our Students with 21st-Century Skills for Today. Retrieved from:

Stauffer, B. (n.d.). What Are 21st Century Skills? Retrieved from:

Sweat, S. (2017, April 3). 21st Century Skills: The 4Cs [Video file]. Retrieved from: