Lesson 3: How did the ancient Greeks express ideas through art and architecture?


Lesson Objectives:

  • Students will be able to describe how Greek lives were influenced by religion, the arts, and architecture
  • Students will be able to identify ways that the some ideas and accomplishments made by ancient Greeks relate to us today
  • Students will be able to identify major contributions to the arts, science, literature, and government made by ancient Greeks

Greek Art and Architecture


Greek artists expressed ideas through their work.

  • They wanted art to inspire beauty, harmony, and balance in society
  • Vases were painted with scenes from myths and epics
  • Sculptures showed the perfection of the human body

Click the link below to explore Greek art

[Greek Art]

The most important buildings in ancient Greece were the temples. They build temples to honor the gods. The Parthenon, which still stands today, was built in honor of the goddess Athena.

  • They filled the temples with statues of the gods and their gifts
  • Large columns carved out of marble supported the building
  • The Greek style of columns is still used today
    • White House
    • Capitol Building

Ask Yourself

  • Why do you think important buildings in the USA have used Greek columns like those in the ancient temples?
  • Why do you think ancient Greeks painted pictures of their daily life in art?
  • If you were to paint a scene from your daily life on a vase, what would it be of?


Directions: Click below to explore a Greek acropolis. Answer the questions that follow based on what you learn from the interactive website.

Greek Acropolis

  1. Where was the most famous acropolis in Greece built?
  2. What did the Greeks use the acropolis for?
  3. Which was the largest building in the Acropolis?
  4. Why was the Parthenon built?
  5. How did the Greeks show the gods how important they were?

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It's All Greek To Me!