Introduction to Educational Assessment


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Welcome to "Introduction to Educational Assessment"

This course includes three units and seven lessons


Course Overview

Purpose of the Course

Educational assessment is defined as "the systematic process of documenting and using empirical data on the knowledge, skill, attitudes, and beliefs to refine programs and improve student learning" (Educational assessment, 2018). For example, teacher giving out a quiz in class to know how much students learned from former classes is educational assessment. Graduate schools use GRE test as one evidence of admitting graduate students is also educational assessment. Educational assessment covers a wild range of topics, including summative assessment and formative assessment, standard test, Classical Test Theory, and Item Response Theory.

This introductory course is aiming at leading learners to get familiar with fundamental elements of educational assessment, preparing learners for further study in educational assessment, and help learners to improve assessment use in teaching practice and further foster learning.

Learning Outcomes

By the completion of mini-course, students will be able to:

-Differentiate summative assessment and formative assessment;

-Design formative activities in education practice;

-Provide effective feedback to foster learning (i.e. wiht Perkins' ladder of feedback);

-Check validity and reliability of an assessment tool;

-Summarize Classical Test Theroy;

-and Recognize a standard test and reflect its role in learning.



Assessment can be described as measurement and evaluation.

When some one ask me "how tall you are?", it is not hard for me to answer that "I am 170cm or 5 ft 5 in". I will know exactly how tall I am by measuring myself with a tape. However, when some one ask me "how smart you are?" or "how much you learned from this course?", it is hard to answer. These questions lead us to educational assessment.

Let' s get to know different kinds of educational assessment with the video below:

Types of Educational Assessment:

Unit One: Summative Assessment and Formative Assessment

In this unit, we are going to explore three things about educational assessment:

1, Identify formative assessment and summative assessment, and compare the similarities and differences of these two kinds of assessments;

2, Understand how assessment foster learning via effective feedbacks;

3, Apply assessment strategies in your teaching practice.

Now, let' s start it, by clicking the link below:

Go to Unit One

Unit Two: Understanding Validity, Reliability, and Classical Test Theory (CTT)

In this unit, we are going to talk about:

1, What is validity and reliability, and how to evaluate an assessment with these two definitions;

2, how Classical Test Theory (CTT) works.

To go to Unit Two, please click the link below:

Go to Unit Two

Unit Three: Standardized Test

In this unit, we are going to discuss:

1, What is standardized test, and what makes a standardized test different from other tests;

2, The pros and cons of standardized test.

To go to Unit Three, please click the link below:

Go to Unit Three

Beyond the Course

To know more about formative assessment:

Chappuis, J. (2015). Seven strategies of assessment for learning. Boston: Pearson.

To know about Item Response Theory:

Introduction to IRT


To know more about reliability and validity:

Osterlind, S. J. (2010). Modern Measurement: Theory, Principles, and Applications of Mental Appraisal (2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

To know more about standardized test:



Educational assessment. (2018, March 03). Retrieved March 09, 2018, from