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Integrating Literacy Strategies in the Science Classroom

Topic/purpose

The title of the course is: Integrating Literacy Strategies in the Science Classroom This course will provide information and practice using literacy to teach science. Some of the following questions will be addressed:

  • What is a literacy strategy?
  • Why does literacy need to be addressed on the science classroom?
  • How can literacy be incorporated in three different phases of a lesson, introduction, throughout, and assessment?

Learning Outcomes

Learners will be able to:

  • Cite benefits of literacy in science
  • Recognizes 8 basic literacy strategies
  • Construct a lesson using literacy strategies
  • Complete 4 literacy strategies

Needs Assessment

Instructional Problem:

The Common Core State Standards Grades 6-12 has a section for Literacy in History/ Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects. Some of the required literacy out comes are: summarizing complex concepts, analyzing text structure and evaluation of multiple sources of information. Through teaching experience and literature review it has become apparent that not all teachers know what to incorporate literacy into a science classroom. While the teaching of the facts and basic science concepts are intuitive there is need to use strategies that actively engage the students and build their ability to communicate verbally and in writing as well as comprehend what is being read.

What is to be leaned:

Through this mini-course, science teachers for levels 9-12 will learn to incorporate literacy into their already developed units. They will also gain a deeper understanding of the benefits of literacy in science classrooms.

The learners:

The learners for this mini-course will be secondary science teachers. The learners will have experience in teaching science. There will be some variety as there are multiple topics that make up the secondary science curriculum. The learners will have a Bachelor’s Degree in Education with a concentration in at least one science subject; some may also have their Master’s degree as well. Because of this experience the learners will have the ability to self-pace and will be intrinsically motivated by the voluntary nature of this course.

Instructional Context:

In the mini-course all the instruction will be conducted online. The learners will need to have access to a computer. This course will utilize text and images to convey the literacy strategies. Learners will read view and then implement what they learn.

Exploring the Problem and Solution:

Learners will explore options on how to improve reading, writing, and comprehension skill while still addressing the science topics. Learners will generate multiple literacy strategies that can later be used in their individual classrooms.

Goals:

The goal is for teachers to be comfortable integrating 8 literacy strategies into their science classrooms. This will increase the students’ overall reading, writing and comprehension skills while reinforcing science concepts.

Performance Objectives

  • Provided with literature to read and written questions learners will state three benefits of using literacy strategies in the science classroom by compiling a written list.
  • After reviewing and completing the online mini-course the learners will identify 8 literacy strategies by correctly labeling the literacy strategies from a provided list of examples.
  • Given sample literacy strategies the learners will demonstrate the use of 4 literacy strategies by completing the examples provided from each lesson.
  • When given 8 example literacy strategies the learners will generate one science lesson using at least 2 literacy strategies presented in the mini-course.
  • When planning lessons for their own classroom the learners will choose to use literacy strategies in one lesson per unit taught.

Task Analysis

Lesson 1:

What are literacy strategies and why is it beneficial to use them in the science classroom?

  1. The learner will define literacy
  2. The learner will list the benefits of using literacy in science
  3. The learner will identify 8 literacy strategies
  4. The learner will actively participate in the activities (prerequisite)
  5. The learner will want to learn more about implementing literacy strategies in the science classroom (prerequisite)

Lesson 2

How can literacy strategies be used for pre-learning or attention getters?

  1. The learners will complete one literacy strategy to gain attention
  2. The learner will understand how to used literacy strategy to gain student attention
  3. The learner will have knowledge of what grasps student attention in the classroom (prerequisite)
  4. The learner will create one literacy strategy to capture student attention

Lesson 3

How can literacy strategies be used for student learning?

  1. The learner will see how literacy strategies can be used for student learning
  2. The learner will complete two literacy strategies for learning
  3. The learner will create one literacy strategy to promote student learning in their classroom

Lesson 4

How can literacy strategies be used for post-learning or assessment?

  1. The learner will understand how literacy strategies can be used for post learning
  2. The learner will complete one literacy strategy for post learning
  3. The learner will create one literacy strategy for post learning to use in their classroom
  4. The learner will compile three literacy strategies into one complete lesson to be taught in their classroom
  5. The learner will engage in using the created lesson in the classroom
  6. The learner will complete a self-assessment to determine how much they have gained from this min-course
  7. The learner will actively integrate literacy into their science classroom

Curriculum Map

Instructional Curriculum Map

References and Resources

Science Literacy Strategies Resources