At the end of this module, you will:
- utilize examples and research to create a presentation on their own purposed anti-bullying program to be presented to school staff using Powerpoint.
Do Anti-Bullying Programs Work?
The answer is YES! Dan Olweus and his anti-bullying program are considered to be the model of modern anti-bullying. The program came about because public outrage in Norway. The outrage was sparked by 2 children committing suicide after severe bulling. This program after several years had gains of dropping bullying rates by 50%. Olweus modeled his program after research that had been done on parenting and family life of bullies. Homes of bullies were found to have inconsistant discipline, little time spent talking, playing and nurturing children. Now that the characteristics were known about what caused bullies at home they were basically inverted to create an opposing environment at school. The research has translated into gains here in the United States as well. Review the research on the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program .
How does it work?
Starting out, the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program has a very important step. Students are surveyed to identify rates of bullying, where bullying occurs and how adults in the school deal with bullies. These surveys allow the school to implement intervention strategies. These strategies are organized below:
Steps to a Safe Classroom
Follow these steps as outlined in the No Bully program for creating a safe classroom:
- Know what values you stand for. You are a role model for your students. What behaviors will you not stand for and why? Teach your students these values at the start of the school year. When you intervene to stop bullying behaviors, you need to be able to explain your stance to students in one or two pithy statements e.g. “everyone in this school has the right to feel safe”.
- Intervene early and consistently. You need to intervene early in the school year and every time that your students engage in put-downs and bullying. If you do not, you will lose control of your classroom – it will slip away from you.
- Introduce curriculum material around inclusion, tolerance and kindness. Aim to teach at least one unit every month around prosocial values: themes of inclusion, tolerance, respect and kindness. If a particular type of bullying is happening in your classroom, it is an opportunity to teach a unit on race or class or sexual orientation or whatever is up right now. Or talk to your students about sexual harassment and when flirting hurts. Or pull out a module around anger and explore whether they feel able to tell another student directly that they are angry with them.
- Create a classroom culture that is inclusive. Individual learning is not always the most effective way to teach. There are many co-operative methods of learning. You can break your classroom into groups and quiz them as groups, making them confer. You get to choose the groups - this way you get students to mix with students that they might not know and with students who would otherwise be left out.
- Identify at risk students before they are targeted. Learn to identify the children who are at socially and emotionally at risk. This includes students who are being left out or are self-isolating. You can involve these students through co-operative learning. If there is a student who is at risk you can refer them to counseling.
- Ask for help. If a bullying situation escalates, ask for help. Talk it over with a fellow teacher, with your principal or with your school counselor. You do not need to deal with bullying alone.
The final task will be the culmination of what you have learned. This will be putting together a presentation using PowerPoint. This presentation will be either a proposal to present to your staff and administration with the goal of implementing your anti-bullying program. This presentation is your action plan to preventing bullying in your program. The presentation should include the following: • be approximately 8-10 minutes in length • strategies that address at least 4 of the 6 keys to a safe classroom • digital resources and links to print resources that other teachers may use