What Is Formative Assessment
By the end of this module you should be able to:
- Define formative assessment
- Evaluate different types of formative assessment
The Assessment Stigma
What is Formative Assessment?
Before we can evaluate formative assessment methods we first need a clear idea of what formative assessment is. Let's explore a few definitions:
"Practice in a classroom is formative to the extent that evidence about student achievement is elicited, interpreted, and used by teachers, learners, or their peers, to make decisions about the next steps in instruction that are likely to be better, or better founded, than the decisions they would have taken in the absence of the evidence that was elicited." (Black and William, 2009)
"At the center of all this research is one underlying idea: Formative assessment is a constantly occurring process, a verb, a series of events in action, not a single tool or a static noun. In order for formative assessment to have an impact on instruction and student learning, teachers must be involved every step of the way and have the flexibility to make decisions throughout the assessment process."
Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (2009). Developing the Theory of Formative Assessment. Educational Assessment, Evaluation And Accountability, 21(1), 5-31.