# User:Annie Cartie

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## About me

This is my first semester in the Curriculum Development and Instructional Technology program at the University at Albany. I received my Bachelor of Arts from SUNY Cortland in 2010 and hold an Initial Certificate in Mathematics grades 7-12. I have taught Algebra 1 and Geometry, and am currently teach Algebra 2 at Broome-Tioga BOCES in a program called P-TECH (Pathways to Technology in Early College High school).

I am transitioning into a new position this year, teaching Algebra 2 in P-TECH's Health Science, Engineering, and Computer Technology Academies and coordinating Work-Based Learning initiatives. I am building interdisciplinary projects for Grades 9 to 12 that will give students the opportunity to work directly with local businesses. I am *very* excited about this mix of mathematics, community outreach, and project development - pretty much my dream mix!

My background is in educational media, specifically public media, elementary math video resources, and teaching media production to teens. In 2017, I decided to retest the waters and see if I was still interested in being a public school teacher. I am! And so, I am pursuing a Master of Science in CDIT and working toward Profession Certification.

I enjoy crafting, gardening, board games, and organizing stuff. My titles include wife, mom, step-mom, daughter, sister, and (my new favorite!) Aunt Annie.

**Topic and Purpose**

*Including Personal Finance When Teaching Exponential and Logarithmic Functions*

The topic of this course is on the value of integrating personal finance in the high school mathematics classroom. The purpose of this course is to teach mathematics educators about the effectiveness of having their students learn personal finance concepts in conjunction with exponential and logarithmic function lessons.

Topics that will be covered:

- What is personal finance?
- To what degree should high school graduates understand how to manage their personal finances?
- How do educators find a balance between computation and conceptual understanding?
- How do educators design instruction to authentically include real-world applications?

** Learning Outcomes**

The intent of this course is to enlighten educators on how to integrate personal finance effectively in the classroom.

Participants will be able to:

- List the situations in life that are classified as matters of personal finance.
*(Verbal)* - Evaluate whether or not learners graduate high school with sufficient understanding of the financial situations they will encounter.
*(Cognitive Strategy)* - Identify ways of using and applying interest rates and compound interest during instruction on exponential and logarithmic functions.
*(Verbal Information and Intellectual Skill)* - Analyze the costs and benefits on the learner to using online calculators.
*(Cognitive Strategy)* - Choose to create a community-centered learning environment around personal finance topics in the classroom.
*(Attitude)*

**Needs Assessment**

**1. Instructional Problem:**

Although we all use money throughout our daily lives, many people operate without a financial plan or a full understanding of their financial health, now or in the future. Lusardi and Mitchell (2011, Oct 11) used three questions to measure financial knowledge internationally across eight countries and found that “financial literacy is very low around the world, irrespective of the level of financial market development and the type of [retirement] pension provided” (Lusardi & Mitchell, 2011 Oct 11). In order for our population to make sound financial choices, and thus sustain ourselves over a lifetime, we need to promote the study of mathematics throughout high school. The results of a paper presented by Cole, Paulson, and Shastry (2013) “are particularly important given the tight link between math skills and many measures of financial literacy” (p. 6).

Of Lusardi and Mitchell’s three questions to determine financial literacy, “two are quite mathematical: What is the future value of $100 saved over 5 years at a 2% interest rate; and how does the real value of savings change in an environment with 1% interest and 2% inflation. This suggests that in many settings it may be difficult to separate the two [math skills and measures of financial literacy]” (p. 6-7). In order to assist students in avoiding costly financial mistakes, states and school districts can “improve financial decision-making by changing high school graduation requirements” (Cole, Paulson, & Shastry, 2013, p. 31). Contrary to previous literature, Cole, Paulson, and Shastry (2013) found that personal finance courses did not improve savings behavior or have a measurable effect on credit management outcomes and, therefore, states should reconsider their mandates and investment in this type of course.

Math educators hold an influential position in their students’ financial futures and can choose to prioritize financial literacy in their classrooms. Research shows “that individuals who were exposed to greater math requirements in high school are more likely to accumulate assets, have more real estate equity, are less likely to be delinquent on their loans, and are less likely to declare bankruptcy and undergo foreclosure” (Cole, Paulson, & Shastry, 2013, p. 32). While classroom teachers cannot change state graduation mandates, they can integrate financial topics into existing math courses and mentor all their students, regardless of math tracking practices that may be occurring, to take a math course each year of high school.

**2. What is to be Learned:**

Mathematics educators will learned how to integrate personal finance by growing their own understanding of the topic. Participants will learn to examine exponential modeling with percent growth and decay and compound interest through the lens of wealth management. Participants will be inspired to authentically include finance professionals from their community in their courses.

**3. The Learners:**

Learners will include secondary mathematics educators teaching in Grade 9-12 environments. Learners will all have experience using money on a daily basis and year-over-year and familiarity with calculating exponential growth and decay and compound interest in the context of word problems. Additionally, learners will have some experience teaching financial vocabulary included in such word problems but may not have a deep understanding of their application to wealth management. Instruction and activities will be geared toward the classroom teacher although information could also be shared with secondary students, when developmentally appropriate.

**Analysis of the Learner and Context**

**Performance-Based Objectives**

Define course-level target objectives

**Task Analysis**

Elaborate and analyze the objectives to identify more specific enabling and supporting objectives.

**Curriculum Map**

Map out the sequence of learning units and activities to achieve the defined objectives.