Unit 4: Design
1. How do I design my own lab?
4. Develop their own inquiry lab activity based on an existing step-by-step lab
4.1 Familiarize yourself with a good example of an inquiry activity
4.2 Create a draft & get feedback
Before We Begin
Let’s take a moment to evaluate what we have covered so far. We began by reflecting on our own views of inquiry learning while setting up a familiar scenario: we have all been told we need to use inquiry methods, but many teachers lack the proper training to do so. In Unit 1, we worked to try and define what exactly inquiry is. Next, we examined the benefits of inquiry so that we had clear justification of why we are going through this process. In Unit 2, we helped each other work through some of the common difficulties with using inquiry in the classroom while getting a chance to share our own experiences. In Unit 3, we went over how to pick a good lab to begin to transition from cookbook styles labs to inquiry labs and also research and shared resources to help with the design process. In this, our final unit, we will actually go through the design process.
4.1 An Example
INTRODUCTION: Below I have uploaded two documents for you. The first one is a typical, cookbook style lab that I have used before in physics. The second lab is my updated lab I have made into an inquiry activity. I presented the questions for the students but allowed them choice in designing the procedure and in answering the questions. I followed the steps outlined in Figure 2 from Unit 3. Outlined below are the changes I made to my lab:
- Took away the materials list
- Changed the objectives into questions
- Added a situation
- Removed procedure
- Removed data tables
- Added discussion questions
4.2 Draft & Peer Review
ACTIVITY: Now it's your turn! Your job in this final task is to take one of the labs you identified earlier in this course and modify it like you saw in the example above. You can follow the steps outlined in the Adaptation Principles from the last unit, or you can follow any other tips and strategies that you found.
Once you have modified your lab, you need to upload it to our shared folder linked below.
PEER ANALYSIS: Use the analysis tool seen here to review one other participant's inquiry lab (taken from Volkmann & Abell, 2003. pg. 39). The goal for your first-draft is to have at least one "yes" in each of the five categories. To review a lab, open the Shared Folder above and click on someone else's draft. Use the analysis tool below, and the comment feature, to review that person's lab.
Once you have made any necessary changes after your lab has been peer-reviewed, please submit your final lab into the shared folder linked below. That way we have a shared folder full of resources! I will also look over to final labs using the Inquiry Analysis Tool to give you feedback.
References Used in This Course
Darling-Hammond, L., Barron, B., Pearson, P., Schoenfeld, A., Stage, E., Zimmerman, T., . . . Tilson, J. (2008). Powerful learning: What we know about teaching for understanding. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Fay, M. E., & Bretz, S. L. (2008). Structuring the level of inquiry in your classroom. Science Teacher, 75(5), 38-42.
Gormally, C., Brickman, P., Hallar, B., & Armstrong, N. (2011). Lessons learned about implementing an inquiry-based curriculum in a college biology laboratory classroom. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 40(3), 45-51.
Hermann, R. S., & Miranda, R. J. (2010). A template for open inquiry. Science Teacher, 77(8), 26-30.
Hunter, J. C. (2014). Reflecting on lab practices. Education, 134(3), 380-383.
Kang, N., DeChenne, S. E., & Smith, G. (2012). Inquiry learning of high school students through a problem-based environmental health science curriculum. School Science & Mathematics, 112(3), 147-158. doi:10.1111/j.1949-8594.2011.00128.x
National Research Council. (2012) A framework for K-12 science education: Practices, crosscutting concepts, and core Ideas. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
NGSS Lead States. (2013). Next generation science standards: For states, by states. Appendix F. Washington, DC: National Research Council. Retrieved from http://www.nextgenscience.org/
Ozel, M., & Luft, J. A. (2013). Beginning secondary science teachers' conceptualization and enactment of inquiry-based instruction. School Science & Mathematics, 113(6), 308- 316. doi:10.1111/ssm.12030
Power, B. (2012). Enriching students' intellectual diet through inquiry based learning. Libri: International Journal Of Libraries & Information Services, 62(4), 305-325. doi:10.1515/libri-2012-0024
Volkmann, M., & Abell, S. (2003). Rethinking laboratories: Tools for converting cookbook labs into inquiry. Science Teacher, 38-41.
Cook, K. L., & Bush, S. B. (2015). Structuring a science-mathematics partnership to support preservice teachers' data analysis and interpretation skills. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 44(5), 31-37.
Creech, J., & Hale, G. (2006). Literacy in science: A natural fit. Science Teacher, 73(2), 22-27.
DiBiase, W., & McDonald, J. R. (2015). Science teacher attitudes toward inquiry-based teaching and learning. Clearing House, 88(2), 29-38. doi:10.1080/00098655.2014.987717
Lockhart, A., & Le Doux, J. (2005). A partnership for problem-based learning. Science Teacher, 72(9), 29-33.