Unit 3: Creating Your Own Individualized Education Program Modification & Accommodation Section
Return to Main Page of Course: Special Education in the Secondary Setting
What are Accommodations & Testing Modifications?
Accommodations and Testing Modifications are available to children who receive services through their Individualized Education Program or 504 Plan. Accommodations and testing modifications are types of adaptations that are made to the learning environment, curriculum, instruction, or assessment practices in order for students with disabilities to be successful learners and to actively participate with other students in the general education classroom.
While the two words sound similar, they have different meanings.
Accommodations are changes in how a student accesses information and demonstrates learning. Accommodations do not substantially change the instructional level, content, or performance criteria.
Testing Modifications are changes made to the testing process or to the content of the assessment itself that may change, lower, or reduce learning expectations.
Please view this document that provides examples of Accommodations and Testing Modifications found on an IEP: Accommodations & Modifications in the Secondary Setting
How to Create the Accommodations and Testing Modification Section of an Individualized Education Program
Decisions about which accommodations and testing modifications to use is very individualized and should be made for each student by that student's IEP team. It is vital for every member of each student's IEP team to be well informed about accommodations and modifications as the IEP is a legal document. The team needs to include the student and parents, general and special educators, and any support personnel who are needed to help the student use an accommodation - such as speech and language clinicians, physical and occupational therapists, and school psychologists.
Students can play a significant role in choosing and using accommodations and testing modifications. For students with disabilities, understanding their disabilities and learning self-advocacy strategies are critical for success in school. Students need to know what accommodations and testing modifications are possible. Then, based on knowledge of their personal strengths and limitations, they need to select accommodations and testing modifications that might be useful for them. The more input students have in their own IEP, the more likely it is that they will actually use the accommodations.
Review this article about choosing Accommodations and Testing Modifications: Determining Appropriate Accommodations for Students with Disabilities
Please watch this video on how accommodations and modifications are determined based on each disability:
Create Your Own Individualized Education Program
Please reflect on the knowledge you acquired during this unit.
Your task: Read each situation. Choose ONE situation in which you will determine the best testing accommodations for the student based on their difficulties. Be sure to include your name on the bottom of the slide.