Unit 2: The Roles of Teacher and Student in Guided Reading

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Guided Reading in the Elementary Classroom

Unit 2: Key Roles in Guided Reading

Mini Lecture: Reflecting back on our case study, your solution to your principals’ request most likely would be to begin guided reading with your class. Now that we have covered what guided reading is in unit 1, in this unit we will cover the key roles of the teacher and student in guided reading. According to Fountas and Pinnell, guided reading is a small group instructional context in which a teacher supports each reader’s development with strategic actions and a teacher selected reading level.


Key Factors for Teachers in Guided Reading:

  • Administer running records to benchmark and find student instructional reading level.
  • Set guided reading groups of 4 to 5 students on the same instructional level.
  • Hold guided reading groups daily; plan accordingly to support and increase student reading instructional levels through reading strategies and practices.

Key Factors for Students in Guided Reading:

  • Students will be placed in an instructional reading group by their teacher.
  • Students will read the text individually and be provided support if needed.
  • Students will participate in word work activities.
  • Students will participate in meaningful discussions about the text.
  • Students can extend their lesson with writing about the reading.


  • Benchmark- Books read to assess students’ instructional levels for guided reading and their readiness to progress to the next level.
  • Reading Miscue- Difference between what is on the page and what students are saying through oral reading.
  • Self-Correction- Self monitoring and noticing an error during reading and making the correct correction.

Activity: Watch this video of a teacher benchmarking the student. Follow along with the teacher to document any reading miscues and self-corrections. Compare your data with the teachers in the video to see what level you would mark the student. Please use this google document to record your answers. https://docs.google.com/document/d/10oeZeGR9t5wGQgwHxYoODZBJDzmzRfHYEfb6K9sEfbc/edit?usp=sharing

Reflect: Make an addition to your KWL chart. What did you already know about key factors in guided reading? What more do you want to know about key factors of teachers and students in guided reading and what did you learn from unit 2 about guided reading?

>>Move to Unit 3: Designing and Implementing Guided Reading Strategies in the Classroom