Onset and Rime

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Words are made up of sounds that can be chunked together or separated out for learning purposes. One way to separate the sounds within a word is to focus on onset and rime. The onset is the initial sound or blend of consonant sounds in a word. The rime is the first vowel sound and all of the following sounds.


First example:


Ball.jpg


The photo above is a picture of a ball. The word ball can be divided into an onset and a rime. The onset is the initial sound represented by the letter "b". Say "ball" aloud, then say only the initial sound. That's the onset! The rime is the first vowel sound and all the following sounds; in the word "ball", the rime is represented by the letters "-all". Say "ball" aloud, then say only "-all". That's the rime!


Second example:


Phone.jpg


The photo above is a picture of a phone. What do you think is the onset of the word "phone"? Say "phone" aloud, then say only the initial sound. The onset is the initial sound represented by the letters "ph". That's the onset! What do you think is the rime of the word "phone"? Say "phone" aloud, then say only "-one". The rime is the first vowel sound and all the following sounds represented here by the letters "-one". That's the rime!


Please check your understanding of onset and rime by completing the following brief assessment. Record your answers on a piece of paper so you can check them against the Teacher feedback below.

  1. Using your own words, write a definition for onset.
  2. Using your own words, write a definition for rime.
  3. Look at the photos below and say the name of each object aloud, then identify both the onset and the rime of each.


First photo:


Knife.jpg


Second photo:


Mug.jpg



Please check your understanding against the Teacher's feedback.


Teacher.jpg


For Teacher feedback, click this link at File:OnsetRimeAssessmt.wma Please be aware that you may need to use your Back button to return to this page after listening to the Teacher feedback.


You should now be ready to go back to Developing Phonemic Awareness in Kindergarten Children to begin your lessons.