Lesson 4.2: How can we use the CWPA Habits of Mind and MAPS to plan meaningful digital writing projects?

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  • To understand the CWPA Habits of Mind and their relevance to digital writing.
  • To learn the MAPS acronym and its relevance to designing digital writing projects.
  • To evaluate examples of digital writing in terms of the Habits of Mind and MAPS.

Activate Prior Knowledge

Abubble2.png Do you use writing task acronyms like GRASP and/or RAFT? If so, what do the letters stand for? (feel free to look them up quick if you are unfamiliar!)


In 2011, the Council of Writing Program Administrators (CWPA), National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), and National Writing Project (NWP) released a document titled Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing. It summarizes eight "habits of mind" students need to achieve "college and career readiness."


Read and reflect on the descriptions below.

  • How do you think these habits can be developed through meaningful digital writing projects?

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Now take a look at Troy Hicks's MAPS heuristic for describing the components of craft in digital writing. How is it similar to and different from other writing task acronyms you know?


Revisit the Digital Writing 101 Blog and select another sample of digital writing to examine closely.. * Which of the CWPA Habits of Mind does it align with?

  • Imagine that you want to assign a similar project to your students. How would you write it out as a MAPS task?


Deepen Your Understanding


Now that you have completed lesson 2, revisit your understanding of the learning target. Consider what new understandings you now have, and develop your initial understandings based on the lesson materials.

What is the relevance of the CWPA Habits of Mind to digital writing? Why are these habits important? How can MAPS help you and your students plan meaningful digital writing projects?

References and Resources

Hicks, T. (2013). Crafting digital writing: Composing texts across media and genres. Heinemann.

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