Difference between revisions of "Lesson 2: How important for ENL/ESL Students to have someone who understands them?"

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==Objective==
 
==Objective==
 
The participants will be able to define the importance of the support from educators and parents/guardians for ENL/ESL students.
 
The participants will be able to define the importance of the support from educators and parents/guardians for ENL/ESL students.
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This is a typical situation for ENL/ESL students who first came to the U.S.A.
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This is a typical situation for ENL/ESL students without much support from their teachers.
  
 
*'''Let's think'''
 
*'''Let's think'''
     If you were in the same situation as Maria, how do you feel?  
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     If you were in the same situation as Bessie, how do you feel?  
     What kind of challenges will you face?
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     Do you think the situation would be different if the teacher's attitude for her was different?
 
You will define your answer to this question in "Reflection" below this page after reviewing "Introduction" and "Investigation".
 
You will define your answer to this question in "Reflection" below this page after reviewing "Introduction" and "Investigation".
  
 
==Introduction==
 
==Introduction==
  
As not so many teachers have the experience of living in abroad nor being in the community with the second language, it is not so easy for teachers to understand the problems and difficult situations of ESL/ENL students. ESL/ENL students struggle academically and societally for a variety of reasons and this frustration can lead to a lack of motivation.  
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Many ESL/ENL students feel lonely when they cannot participate in class activities. Some teachers think that there is no other way for those kids who don’t speak any English but sitting at the back of their classroom and do some different activities by her/himself. Some teachers also think that they are unable to communicate or there is no need to communicate with the parents/guardians of ENL/ESL students because of language difficulty as well as a different set of values and cultures.
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Please click to learn more about Bessie Alexopolous as Lonely Language Learners.  
  
These are some of the typical challenges that young ESL/ENL students in the U.S.A.
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https://www.tolerance.org/magazine/spring-2009/lonely-language-learners
  
*Language Difficulty
 
ESL/ENL students face many difficulties because of their language limitations. Those challenges in their classroom vary from subjects to subject. Please click to know some specific difficulties in different subjects.
 
http://www.everythingesl.net/inservices/challenges_ells_content_area_l_65322.php
 
  
* Culture Shock
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Many ELLs have first language and literacy knowledge as well as skills that boost their acquisition of English language and literacy. Additionally, they bring an array of cultural practices and perspectives that enrich our schools and society. Teachers must build on this enormous reservoir of talent with additional time and appropriate instructional support (Blueprint, 2014).
ESL/ENL students who came to the US for the first time experience an entirely new way of life. Many of them find it difficult to understand and adjust to the culture of new countries. Let’s click to find the different factors that can contribute to culture shock.
 
https://www.valpo.edu/international/living-in-the-u-s/u-s-culture/american-culture-culture-shock/
 
  
*Overwhelming workload
 
Many ESL/ENL students have to work twice as hard in school to keep up with their peers. In addition to learning a native student are learning, they also have to learn a whole other language. In many cases, ESL/ENL students still need to work on their own language development if they come to the US in the early stage.
 
*Lack of sense of belonging and self-esteem
 
When the language barrier prevents ESL/ENL students from participating, their self-esteem suffers.
 
*Changing Social Status and Family Situation
 
*Lack of sympathy and understanding
 
Lack of metacognition and logical thinking of young students make these problems more difficult to cooperate.
 
  
Therefore, it is important for ESL/ENL students to have someone who understands their problems and feeling to encourage their motivations during their difficult situation. We will have more detail about this in [[Lesson 2: How important for ENL/ESL Students to have someone who understands them?]].
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For teachers who never had the experience to work with ENL/ESL students, it is likely to think and act inappropriately because of the lack of knowledge to ENL/ESL students. You will have more details about those misconceptions in [[Lesson 3: Do you know any misconceptions of ENL/ESL Students?]]
  
 
==Investigation==
 
==Investigation==
  
Now it is time for you to think about it…. If you were in Japan as a new English teacher and no one around you would understand your native language.  
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Now it is time for you to think about it…. If you were in a classroom as a new student and your teacher almost ignored you.  
  
Can you come up with any struggles that you will face?
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*Let’s click to watch 5 minutes video with today's teachers who had that experience when they first came to the U.S.A.
  
*Let’s click to watch 4 minutes video with a teacher who had been in this situation.  
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https://youtu.be/5HU80AxmP-U
  
https://youtu.be/jJKsczipyLI
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==Reflection==
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Thank you for your participation in Lesson 2! Here are some questions for you to self-assess your understanding.  
  
==Reflection==
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* Do you think that ENL/ESL students are happier to be separated and work themselves because of their poor language ability?
Thank you for your participation in Lesson 1! Here are some questions for you to self-assess your understanding.
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*If you were in the same situation as Maria in “Case Study” above, can you explain three major concerns that you would face?
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* Do you think that ENL/ESL students are empty vessels and your goal as a teacher is to fill them with knowledge in English because they didn’t have any?  
*Can you be as efficient as you were in the new community and environment?
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*Do you feel safer and more comfortable to stay alone because of your poor language skills?
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* Do you think as a classroom teacher that it is difficult or worthless to talk to ENL/ESL students' parents/guardians about students' school life?
  
 
==Navigation==
 
==Navigation==

Latest revision as of 12:00, 10 May 2019

Lesson2.jpg

Objective

The participants will be able to define the importance of the support from educators and parents/guardians for ENL/ESL students.

Case Study

When Bessie Alexopolous and her parents moved from Greece to the United States, she didn't know a word of English. As the only Greek-speaking student in her class, Alexopolous was all but ignored by her teachers. Her fellow students followed suit.

"I was silent for a long time," she says. "I was afraid to raise my hand. They always labeled me as shy, but the truth was I felt odd and different. And I didn't want to tell anyone that I spoke a different language at home."(Kilman, 2009)


This is a typical situation for ENL/ESL students without much support from their teachers.

  • Let's think
   If you were in the same situation as Bessie, how do you feel? 
   Do you think the situation would be different if the teacher's attitude for her was different?

You will define your answer to this question in "Reflection" below this page after reviewing "Introduction" and "Investigation".

Introduction

Many ESL/ENL students feel lonely when they cannot participate in class activities. Some teachers think that there is no other way for those kids who don’t speak any English but sitting at the back of their classroom and do some different activities by her/himself. Some teachers also think that they are unable to communicate or there is no need to communicate with the parents/guardians of ENL/ESL students because of language difficulty as well as a different set of values and cultures.


Please click to learn more about Bessie Alexopolous as Lonely Language Learners.

https://www.tolerance.org/magazine/spring-2009/lonely-language-learners


Many ELLs have first language and literacy knowledge as well as skills that boost their acquisition of English language and literacy. Additionally, they bring an array of cultural practices and perspectives that enrich our schools and society. Teachers must build on this enormous reservoir of talent with additional time and appropriate instructional support (Blueprint, 2014).


For teachers who never had the experience to work with ENL/ESL students, it is likely to think and act inappropriately because of the lack of knowledge to ENL/ESL students. You will have more details about those misconceptions in Lesson 3: Do you know any misconceptions of ENL/ESL Students?

Investigation

Now it is time for you to think about it…. If you were in a classroom as a new student and your teacher almost ignored you.

  • Let’s click to watch 5 minutes video with today's teachers who had that experience when they first came to the U.S.A.

https://youtu.be/5HU80AxmP-U

Reflection

Thank you for your participation in Lesson 2! Here are some questions for you to self-assess your understanding.

  • Do you think that ENL/ESL students are happier to be separated and work themselves because of their poor language ability?
  • Do you think that ENL/ESL students are empty vessels and your goal as a teacher is to fill them with knowledge in English because they didn’t have any?
  • Do you think as a classroom teacher that it is difficult or worthless to talk to ENL/ESL students' parents/guardians about students' school life?

Navigation

Go on to Lesson 3: Do you know any misconceptions of ENL/ESL Students?

Return to Encouraging Young ESL Students in the USA