Lesson 2: Content, Process, and product

From KNILT

Lesson 2: Strategies to Differentiate Instruction

Differentiating involves making changes to one or more of these elements:

  1. Content - what the teacher plans to teach/ what the students need to learn
  2. Process - how the students will access the information/ activities students use to master the content
  3. Product - the method students use to demonstrate learning


Differentiating by Content requires a teacher to make changes in the following ways

Is usually determined by formative assessment Can include various forms of delivery Content may be shared through varied reading materials for different levels Text materials could be put on an audio format Spelling and vocabulary lists can be used based on the readiness level of individual students Flexible grouping can be implemented to reteach concepts and or extend thinking skills Multi-leveled questions can be used Modeling to varying degrees takes place Students are given opportunities to choose their content based on interests

Differentiating by Process requires a teacher to make changes in the following ways

Using tiered activities to help learners understand information with different levels of support, challenge, or complexity Center or Station work Developing personal agendas Learning logs or personal journals Varying the length of time that it takes for students to complete a task Note-taking organizers Jigsaws Learning Menus Webquests Cubing


Differentiating by Product requires a teacher to make changes in the following ways


Using choice boards Podcasts Presentations Quizzes or Tests Using rubrics that match and extend students individual levels Encouraging students to create their own product assignment Enabling students to use contemporary media/technology in ways that demonstrate understanding