Exploring the American Revolutionary War Through Primary Source Documents

Revision as of 13:55, 24 November 2013 by Ryan Johnson (talk | contribs)

The Battle of Saratoga

Event Method/Media Instructional Treatment or Strategy

1. Gain Attention of Learner/Bell Ringer Method/Media: Written on whiteboard Instructional Treatment or Strategy:

Students will read the bell ringer and answer the question "Why was the Battle of Saratoga considered the turning point of the American Revolution?" Based on their reading from last night, and their prerequisite knowledge of the War, students will answer independently. We will then discuss student answers as a group.

2. Inform Learner of Objective Instructor Tell students that today we will be learning about

                                                                             the Battle of Saratoga...the key people, battle
                                                                             specifics, strategies, consequences and outcomes.

3. Stimulate Recall of Prerequisites Group activity for students Students will be broken into small groups and given

                                              to make a collective list of   a worksheet with a Web Diagram printed on it. They
                                              what they remember about this  will place "Battle of Saratoga" in the center circle,
                                              battle. Web Diagram            and then web information off of that such as the 
                                                                             key people that were involved, key places, and any other
                                                                             extraneous information. Students will be given 5 minutes
                                                                             to complete this task, and will then reconvene with the
                                                                             rest of the class to complete a new Web Diagram on the
                                                                             overhead projector. 

4. Present Stimulus Material Battle maps, photos of the To introduce the Battle of Saratoga students will look

                                             generals, current-day map of    at a current-day map of where the battle took place. Notes
                                             the area, Power-Point notes     will help to explain General Burgoyne's plan to split the
                                                                             American colonies in half, along the Hudson River. 
                                                                             Students will listen to instruction about the American
                                                                             General (Morgan) and the strategy his Mountainmen used
                                                                             the method of targeting British Officers. Key points 
                                                                             within the battle (which lasted several weeks) will be
                                                                             explained thoroughly through battle maps. Outcomes,
                                                                             consequences and the feelings of those involved will be
                                                                             explored through memoirs, pictures and other Primary
                                                                             Source Documents. 

5. Providing Learning Guidance Diary entry from a main Students will independently write a journal or diary entry 6. Elicit Performance character's perspective from the perspective of a main character in the Battle

                                                                             of Saratoga. Students will need to identify that 
                                                                             character's role, feelings, experiences, and views of 
                                                                             the battle and it's outcome (as applicable)

7. Provide Feedback Oral review by instructor Based on student diary entries, instructor will provide

                                                                             oral feedback regarding the validity of the information
                                                                             included in the entries, as well as offer questions or
                                                                             ideas to elicit deeper thought or consideration of the

8. Assess Performance Instructor Instructor will provide students with 10 minutes to make

                                                                             alterations to their entries, including at least two
                                                                             sentences that show that the students have thought more
                                                                             deeply about their main character's role. Diary entries
                                                                             will be collected for a grade based on the earlier set of

9. Enhance Retention and Transfer Short-answer quiz Give students the final 15 minutes of class an opportunity

                                                                             to answer a five-question short-answer quiz. Questions will
                                                                             ask for specifics about the battle, as well as encourage
                                                                             students to think critically. "How would you have done
                                                                             things differently?" Assess how well students retained
                                                                             the information by collecting the quizzes for a grade.