Exploring the American Revolutionary War Through Primary Source Documents
The Battle of Saratoga
Event Method/Media Instructional Treatment or Strategy
1. Gain Attention of Learner/Bell Ringer Written on whiteboard Students will read the bell ringer and answer the question "Why was the Battle of Saratoga
considered the turning point of the American Revolution?" Based on their reading from last night, and their prerequisite knowledge of the War, students will answer independently. We will then discuss student answers as a group.
2. Inform Learner of Objective Instructor Tell students that today we will be learning about
the Battle of Saratoga...the key people, battle specifics, strategies, consequences and outcomes.
3. Stimulate Recall of Prerequisites Group activity for students Students will be broken into small groups and given
to make a collective list of a worksheet with a Web Diagram printed on it. They what they remember about this will place "Battle of Saratoga" in the center circle, battle. Web Diagram and then web information off of that such as the key people that were involved, key places, and any other extraneous information. Students will be given 5 minutes to complete this task, and will then reconvene with the rest of the class to complete a new Web Diagram on the overhead projector.
4. Present Stimulus Material Battle maps, photos of the To introduce the Battle of Saratoga students will look
generals, current-day map of at a current-day map of where the battle took place. Notes the area, Power-Point notes will help to explain General Burgoyne's plan to split the American colonies in half, along the Hudson River. Students will listen to instruction about the American General (Morgan) and the strategy his Mountainmen used the method of targeting British Officers. Key points within the battle (which lasted several weeks) will be explained thoroughly through battle maps. Outcomes, consequences and the feelings of those involved will be explored through memoirs, pictures and other Primary Source Documents.
5. Providing Learning Guidance Diary entry from a main Students will independently write a journal or diary entry 6. Elicit Performance character's perspective from the perspective of a main character in the Battle
of Saratoga. Students will need to identify that character's role, feelings, experiences, and views of the battle and it's outcome (as applicable)
7. Provide Feedback Oral review by instructor Based on student diary entries, instructor will provide
oral feedback regarding the validity of the information included in the entries, as well as offer questions or ideas to elicit deeper thought or consideration of the event.
8. Assess Performance Instructor Instructor will provide students with 10 minutes to make
alterations to their entries, including at least two sentences that show that the students have thought more deeply about their main character's role. Diary entries will be collected for a grade based on the earlier set of criteria.
9. Enhance Retention and Transfer Short-answer quiz Give students the final 15 minutes of class an opportunity
to answer a five-question short-answer quiz. Questions will ask for specifics about the battle, as well as encourage students to think critically. "How would you have done things differently?" Assess how well students retained the information by collecting the quizzes for a grade.