CLCS Glossary

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CLCS Glossary

Advisories (or advisory councils): daily time scheduled for small groups of students to collaborate with a single teacher, who is also the primary contact for parents of these students (think collaborative study hall, where sharing & interaction are encouraged) (TVHS)

Cognitive strategies: the means by which learners exercise control over their own learning processes (Gagne, et al., 2005, p.10)

Collaboration: using group information exchange to facilitate learning

Dynamic assessment: a means of assessing the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) originally proposed by Vygotsky to determine student’s thought processes and placement in the continuum of their development through a four step process (CDE, 2002, retrieved March 2009)

Facilitation: when a teacher’s role is changed from that of lecturer, or primary information presenter, to that of encouraging learning through shared information seeking, research, and exchange

Inquiry: a questioning method that encourages unique & novel approaches to learning; motivates higher thinking processes through comprehension rather than rote memorization

Instruction: a structured means to assist learners in learning. Definition may vary, according to one’s beliefs (Shambaugh & Magliaro, 1997, p. 291)

Integrated curriculum: interdisciplinary studies, not relegated to a single field such as math or English (a result of problem based learning) (via TVHS)

Integrated learning progressions: a learning sequence that is incorporated into a theme, by defining the domain, developing frameworks for data collection & analysis, and using that data to identify trends & levels of student achievement (Anderson, 2007)

'''Knowledge- building communities''': a group of learners who are also part of a community gather knowledge through research, projects, interviews or other means to solve a community problem

Problem Based Learning (PBL): “brings together intellectual inquiry, rigorous real-world standards and student engagement in relevant, meaningful work” (TVHS brochure, HC p. 4)

Self-assessment (metacognition): Learners reflect upon their own learning, to see where they’ve been intellectually, what they’ve learned, and what they may still need to learn in the future

Web 2.0: interactive communities of communication using recent technology; examples include social communities (Facebook, MySpace), Twitter, Instant Messaging, & simulation games (Second Life)

Wiki: “a collection of web pages designed to enable anyone with access to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language. Wikis are often used to create collaborative websites and to power community websites. The collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia is one of the best-known wikis. Wiki is a Hawaiian word for fast.” Otherwise known as a content management system

Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD): under constructivist philosophy, students will learn from their social interactions. The ZPD indicates the area where students have the potential to expand their learning through scaffolding in a way that exceeds their natural ability to learn on their own retrieved 4/19/09

Food Allergy Specifics

Allergy: exaggerated immune response to what for other people evoke no response

Allergic response: histamine production & inflammation

Anaphylaxis: an immune response that closes off airways through bronchiospasm; similar to asthma but more immediately life threatening

Antigen: a molecular aspect on the surface of (usually) a protein that precipitates immune response

Desensitization: a procedure by which the antigenic compound is gradually re-introduced to the body in larger & larger doses in order to build up the body’s tolerance for the offending substance

Mast cells: originating in bone marrow, these immune cells contain granules of histamine and other substances that mediate immune response

Sensitization: initial exposure that may generate an allergy (sometimes)

Sensitivity: a mild response to an offending food that produces a diasagreeable reaction without involving full immune effects


Cross contamination: when food is contaminated with other foods, wither by sharing preparation surfaces, utensils, or unintentional mixing

FALCPA: FDA Food Allergy Labeling and Consumer Protection Act; designed to inform consumers through labeling in plain language the presence of crustacean shellfish (not necessarily mollusks), soy, milk, eggs, fish, peanuts, tree nuts, or wheat under ingredients; passed most recent revision in 2006

Tropomyosin: a protein that protects actin from binding to myosin, the muscle proteins that make muscle move. This protein is highly conserved across species, which accounts for its widespread distribution.


Arterioles: smaller passages of the lungs, which lead from bronchioles to the alveoli (air sacs where blood de/oxygenation occurs)

Bronchioles: larger passages of the lungs

Bronchospasm: constriction of the airways

Cytokines: hormone- like substances which have a narrower range of concentration, targeting specific systems such as endocrine

Histamine: a neurotransmitter and biogenic amine that moderates immune response

IgE: an immune-mediated factor that, upon binding with mast cells, releases inflammation factors called cytokines (eg., interleukins) which trigger the commonly recognized symptoms of an allergic reaction

Interleukins: inflammatory inducing immune factors

Vasodilation: expansion of the veins & arteries, resulting in lowered blood pressure


Alkaloids: plant molecules, tending to be physiologically active, with nitrogen-containing bases, i.e., nicotine, morphine, atropine

Allergy: an immune-mediated response to foreign antigens

Antigens: any substance that when introduced into the body stimulates antibody production

Sensitivity: an averse response to a food, potentially through chronic, long- term exposure

Solanacea: order of plants containing over 2800 species commonly known as nightshades, i.e., potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant & peppers


CLCS Lesson Units Introduction

CLCS Unit Lesson 1 Vocabulary

CLCS Unit Lesson 2 Space for Discussion Task

CLCS Unit Lesson 3 Resource sharing

CLCS Unit Lesson 4 Metacognitive strategies

CLCS Unit Lesson 5 Assessment Tools

CLCS Glossary

Elizabeth Kinney EK Main Page

Portfolio EK EK Portfolio

ETAP 623 Spring 2009 Learning Commmunity