Unit 4: Designing a Comprehensive Lesson


Unit 4: Designing a Comprehensive Lesson


In the final unit of this course, you will you all you have learned to design and create your own comprehensive inclusive phonics lesson.


4.1 Components of a Lesson

4.2 Lesson Template

4.3 Design Your Own Lesson!

4.1 Components of a Lesson

Phonological Awareness

  • Skill Focus: rhyming, onset fluency (initial phoneme isolation), blending, isolating final sounds, isolating medial sounds, segmenting, adding, deleting, substituting, language awareness, and letter naming/alphabet knowledge
  • Example Activities: songs, chants, word-sound games, word play, nursery rhymes, exposure to storybooks, storytelling, riddles
  • Resources: Use Heggerty phonics curriculum as a model for skills and routine.


  • Skill Focus: (choose one that's applicable) letter-sound identification and recognition, consonant digraphs, consonant blends, glued or welded sounds, prefixes and suffixes, vowel digraphs, spelling patterns
    • Prepare in advance with sample words
  • Practice Application: usually practicing the new skill in writing practice or reading practice
    • Prepare in advance with sample words
  • Example Activities: skywriting, writing on a whiteboard, sound and word identification games, small group focused reading
  • Resources: See examples of Wilson FUNdations Lessons below.

Bridge to ELA Lesson

  • Be sure to tie the new skill into ELA lesson for the day

4.2 Lesson Template

View the Phonics Sample Lesson. Please note that this was designed for a mid-year first grade classroom.

4.3 Design Your Own Lesson

Access the Phonics Lesson Template. Make a copy and edit as appropriate for your class or students! Use the sample and any resources from this course to support you in your process.

Wrapping Up

We used a lot of what we learned in this course to make immediate adjustments to the delivery of our phonics instruction, making it more inclusive to a variety of learners.

It's important to remember that despite all the planning that can be done, part of inclusive phonics instruction happens on the fly, as teachers proceed through the curriculum with their particular groups of students on any particular day. Being patient, flexible, and understanding is an enormous part of inclusive phonics instruction as well!

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Extended Resources:

Literacy Resources. (2003). Heggerty Phonemic Awareness.

Wilson Language Training Corporation. (2013). Fundations.