Lesson One Needs Assessment of the Student

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'In Lesson One we consider the criteria to prepare the student.'


Needs Assessment

This is the first step. Think about inviting a group of people over for dinner. If you were to just decide what to cook for them without making sure that not one of them has an allergy to what you are cooking, or whether one of them is just recovered from illness, then your dinner party will have problems with last minute arrangements and smell that are offensive to the person with the allergies. This would be highly inconsiderate. Many courses, training programs, and even public health projects fail because the target audience, the students, or the trainees were not profiled. The actual planning would then be missing the criteria for designing learning objectives in a manner that promotes students control of their learning.

Your course may require:

  • Particular physical capabilities
  • Require a certain level of intelligence to analyze information or to philosophize.
  • Require prior knowledge and work experience
  • Motivation to communicate and collaborate or join physical activities

Student Profile

How will the characteristics of the students, impact your instructional design?

This profile can help you identify learning preferences of your students as you consider the types of professions they do or the way that they share information with you.

Who are the students?

  In Homeopathy classes we see the following types of students:
  1. Doctors, Nurses
  1. Acupuncturists, Chiropractors, Message Therapists
  1. Therapists, Social Workers
  1. Others from medical and Health Education


What characteristics of students could matter to course design or lesson activities?

Step 1. Ages, sex, marital status, parents,

Step 2. Describe the type of work / profession they do?

    Homeopathy as an example:
  • Age 35-50 - usually more women than men / age can affect technical adeptness / male and female students sometimes need different activities or different questions, it all depends on the actual students.
  1. Student body is often a mix of married, unmarried, divorced, and parents
  1. Some students are doing research, running a clinic, or have a private office

What are the educational orientation considerations for the students?

  1. define the educational level of your course.
  2. In reference to that, who should be your students?
    Homeopathy as an example:
  1. Average education is often equivalent to Master or Doctorate level depending on actual education and experience.
  1. Some students have a Bachelor’s Degree and work experience

What kind of Prerequisite courses or training is required of the students?

Step 1. List the Prerequisite courses or experience needed for taking the course.

Step 2. Describe students who must meet those Prerequisites in terms of profession or educational degree.

  • For medical doctors or Psychologists: their professional training does not always require courses of Psychology in the case of doctors; and for psychologists, they usually do not have any previous courses in Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology. All of these courses are the prerequisites for the study of homeopathy, in addition to supportive courses in minerals, zoology,and botany.