Learning From a Crisis

From KNILT

Learning Objectives

• Participants will be able to identify the 3 stages of recovery and match the appropriate situation to the correct recovery stage
• Participants will be able to conduct a Life-Space Interview after receiving their partner and crisis situation

What are the 3 phases of recovery and which phase produces the best learning results from a crisis?

Recovery Phase: The recovery phase is the last section of the Stress Model of Crisis. During the recovery phase it's up to the adult to provide the child with an opportunity to learn from this crisis experience. After the outburst, the child should be allowed to calm down. The body begins to calm itself naturally by relaxing the mind and muscles. There are 3 possible outcomes in all crisis situations: the lower level outcome, no

Recovery Phase Figure TCIS Kristen Mennella Cornell University.jpg

change/no growth, and the higher level outcome. The following are definitions for each outcome:

Lower (Abuser): During this phase, the child was damaged by the crisis or by the way it was handled and/or ignored. The result usually occurs in a loss of trust in the adults and has hindered their learning experience to cope with negative emotions and feelings; the result is the student has a decreased ability to handle stressful situations.
• Loss of trust in adults because it was ignored or handled improperly.
• Decreased ability to handle stressful situations.
• Retraumatized child.

No Change (Fire Fighter): The crisis was handled and the intervention took place. The immediate goal of reducing the child's stress and risk was achieved but during this phase; however, this makes the adult have to intervene again because the child did not learn from the experience. The adult will have to contain the situation which is much like the job of a firefighter having to put out fires constantly. There is no increase in the student's ability to deal with stressful situations.
• Reinforcing the use of negative coping skills.
• Does not provide the opportunity for the child to learn how to deal with stressful situations or negative feelings/emotions.
• Child continues to act in similar fashion whenever the crisis experience occurs.

Higher (Educateur): During this phase an intervention occurred in a therapeutic manner. The student has explored and is learning coping skills to prevent or handle stress and negative feelings.
• The student has gained insight on the crisis experience and explored optional behaviors to cope with negative feelings and stressful situations.
• The student will begin to model positive behaviors in an effort to cope.
• Both goals of TCIS training were achieved.

Check For Understanding

What is a Life Space Interview? How and when do we execute an LSI?

Performance Objective